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2005 Back Issues

Information about the following back issues of Materials World are currently available online.

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December 2005
Objects are sometimes described as having ‘form over function’. In our festive issue of Materials World we look at the interplay between design and materials, and how they influence form and function. Chris Lefteri explores the relationship between impermanent products and design, while David Bott examines materials selection in everyday products. Dr Mark Miodownik discusses how materials science can offer great opportunities for design experimentation, and Richard Seymour places ideas and communication at the centre of his vision for the materials future.
   In our mining features, Michael Forrest reports on how an Australian company is using satellite data to identify mineral deposits, while in ‘Exploration – no expense spared?’ we ask if high metal prices are resulting in more funding for exploration.
   In the news, we report on research that suggests coastal seas absorb more carbon dioxide than previously thought, David Whittaker provides an update on the latest PowdermatriX project, and in ‘Sphere of Influence’ we look at a spin-out company in Coventry that has developed a method for making micro-sized polymer beads and silica nano-shells.

November 2005
Did you know that the largest on-shore oil field in Europe is at Wytch Farm in Dorset, England? The south of England has surprising reserves of oil, reports Michael Forrest in this month’s issue, and now Northern Petroleum, an AIM-listed exploration company, is expecting to find large reserves on the Isle of Wight and in Hampshire.
  Also in this issue, Materials World brings you some of the latest developments in advanced materials. In ‘Silicon Carbide Valley’, Dr Daniel Csete from CERAM considers the potential of silicon carbide in electronic devices, while in ‘A Lifelong travelling companion’ we lift the bonnet on the materials developments behind the LIFECar, an environmentally friendly vehicle produced by the Morgan Motor Company.
  And in the news, read about how ultrasonic methods are revealing the geological processes in a submarine canyon off the Californian coast, learn how sol-gel technology could be used in anti-corrosion coatings and we look at a new MSc course that aims to produce the natural resource entrepreneurs of the future.

October 2005
‘Materials and mining legislation’ is the theme of our October issue. Duncan Bond from the Centre of Sustainability offers his views on how materials suppliers need to work together to pre-empt state regulation. Andy Wheatly from Deep Green UK looks at the remediation options facing the treatment of contaminated sites around the world, while Paul Stevens looks at the issues facing companies undertaking mineral projects in developing countries. In ‘Black smokers’, we plunge the depths and examine the exploitable mineral deposits at ocean ridge plates.
  Moving to material matters, Dr Colin Pulham from the University of Edinburgh talks about how applying high pressures to drug samples can reveal variant crystalline forms, or polymorphs. On the composite front, Chris Edwards explains how composites could soon match the versatility of metals.
  And in the news, we learn why the European aggregates industry is satisfied over a recent vote on the EU Mining Waste Directive. We also take a look at the hardest as-cast 18-carat gold alloy, and the implementation of the phytosanitary standard for pest-free wooden packaging. This month’s Focus section features the latest developments from the world of testing.

September 2005
‘Transport’ is the theme of our September issue. Sally Wilkes takes us first to the high seas and reports on the yachts competing in the Volvo Ocean Race, unravelling the stringent rules on the use of materials. Professor Patrick Grant outlines the challenges facing engineers in the automotive and aerospace sectors in our opinion section, while Colin Jackson offers an insight into how Faraday Advance plans to strengthen these sectors in the UK. Travelling to the African continent, ‘Heart of Africa’ describes the mining potential of the Central African Republic, and Michael Cook, Chief Economist at Outokumpu, offers his view on the current nickel boom.

August 2005
In pursuing this month’s theme of ‘Materials in medicine’, Materials World grapples with the definition of ‘biocompatibility’ with the help of Professor Brian Meenan in the Opinion section. In ‘Face on’, Dr Richard Curtis describes how the production of near net-shape prostheses could be fulfilled by superplastic forming, and in ‘Reality check’ Sally Wilkes talks to Dr Claudia Vaz from the UK’s National Physical Laboratory on a project that aims to reduce the time needed to design and test medical implants. Moving to earthier matters, Graham Riddler in ‘Called to account’ outlines the good practices required in reporting exploration results, and Michael Forrest reports on a Canadian precious metals company finding reward in an historically well mined area of central Mexico.

July 2005
‘Materials at leisure’ is the theme of this month’s materials features. In a feature that looks at flat-panel speakers concealed in walls, Luke Hutson reports on a technology that is trying to keep a low profile. In ‘Pitch Battle’, there’s a report on how one Scottish football club faces being on the touchline next season because of its plastic pitch. In the opinion section, we ask Mitchell Allan of Copper Resources Corporation to give his assessment of the volatile copper market, and Michael Forrest reports on a junior company that is going against the norm by mining for tungsten and fluorite in Vietnam. With the mining industry facing criticism over sustainability, Magnus Ericsson and Pentti Noras present their case for why developing countries should exploit their natural resources. And in the first of a two-part series on superplastic forming, we review the commercial growth of the technique in the UK and its use in the transport sector.

June 2005
Nanotechnology is the focus of this month’s features. Read how gold nanoparticles could be used for vision enhancement, and meet the computer model that predicts ‘decorated’ nanotubes could provide a reversible storage system for hydrogen. Professor Laurence Robb provides an analysis of the current thinking on the Central African Copperbelt, and in the Special Section there is a report on the inspection techniques of welds in nuclear reactor pressure vessels, and a review by Graham Long on a non-contact inspection technique used in casting.
May 2005
Materials in harsh environments is the theme of this month’s issue. Ian Salusbury reports on materials used in conditions of extreme cold, and learns that novel solutions are not always the best. Luke Hutson is on a mission to find functional nanocomposites that could be used in space, and Professor Paul McMillan of UCL describes how materials are being tested for a life of adversity. Other features include a novel application for a jet engine in extinguishing coal mine fires, and Michael Forrest reports on how technology is giving an old mine in Baja, California, a new lease of life.

April 2005
Biomimetics – the branch of engineering that takes its inspiration from nature – is the theme of this month’s issue. We report on a self-copying machine and new approaches in the field of tissue engineering. We chart the rise of computing mapping in mining and ask if the uranium mining industry can satisfy the increase in demand for nuclear power. Our special section focuses on the human cost of artisanal mining and the role of nanotechnology in developing countries.

March 2005
Materials in the built environment is the theme of this month’s issue. We report on the science behind the weathering of stone buildings, the surface engineering techniques leaving their mark on the construction industry, and the Earthship project in Brighton – an eco-friendly building in the UK made from used tyres. We also provide a rough guide to AIM – the Alternative Investments Market.
February 2005
Global security is the theme of this month’s issue, with features on a new X-ray scanner that can detect bomb detonators, the use of nanotechnology in defence materials, and sensor technology that warns of chemical and biological attack. The News section highlights the increasing performance of environmentally friendly cars, and reports on the project to build a silent aircraft, and an ink-jet printer that prints human cells. There’s an in-depth look at the technology used in geothermal drilling, and a review in our focus section of the latest advances in thermal processing, surface engineering, heat treatment and coatings. As usual, there are details on forthcoming conferences, and the Institute News looks at the agreed merger between the Institute of Materials, Minerals and Mining and the Institute of Packaging (IoP).


January 2005

The January issue focuses on sustainability - we report on an iron ore project in a remote location in Guinea, west Africa, a coal project being developed in Bangladesh, and speculate on the primary energy sources of the future. We also take a look at the application process for the Pollution Prevention and Control Regulations and why wood-plastic composites are slow in gaining a foothold in the UK construction market despite their enhanced characteristics.

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